When we were first taught by our science teacher on how to plant seedlings and water the plants, we thought at first that all plants can grow on any time of the year and can yield crops. But sadly, that is not the reality.
It takes time, patience and sometimes risk to get a plant growing healthy and to be able to produce crops. Not every plant was built for a specific season and this is why if you really want to start your own home organic garden, you must first make an initial research on which plants are much suited for the current season in your place or locality.
Spring and Fall Fruits and Vegetables.
Other great plants you can plant for spring are: corn, asparagus (including variants), apricots, and fruits like jack fruit, bitter melon, mangoes, pineapples, lychee, limes, honeydew, strawberries, oranges and even cacti.
Meanwhile, you can also plant these fruits during fall: cranberries, delicata squash, date plum, guavas, huckleberries, crab apples, pears, pineapples, passion fruits, key limes, pumpkins, persimmons, sugar apples and sweet potatoes. Additionally, you can have occasional root crops and spices like turnips, jalapeño peppers, mushrooms, ginger and garlic.
Summer Fruits and Vegetables.
Plants that are more accustomed to summer weather must be planted in midsummer, especially those that aren’t doing very good in cold weather. Such plants include: okra, melons, eggplant, pumpkins, beans, peppers, sweet potatoes, summer squash, gourds and melons, cucumber, tomatoes, and many others.
For fruits, you can plant these in the summer: champagne grapes, cherries (including sour cherries), Asian pear, chayote and crookneck squash, grape tomatoes, durian, passion fruits, Persian melons, rose apples, sugar apples, watermelons and more.
This also includes whole lot of berries including loganberries, strawberries blackberries and blueberries, elderberries.
Winter Fruits and Vegetables.
While the winter chills might not sound like a great season to plant, sometimes you have no choice, especially if your climate is always cold. Among the vegetables and crops you can plant in the winter season include: buttercup squash, Brussels sprouts, leeks, sweet potatoes, turnips and chestnuts (roasting in an open fire…).
Fruits and Vegetables for All Seasons.
There are, of course, those plants and crops that you can grow and harvest from all year round, regardless of season. These include the following vegetables: broccoflower, bell peppers, black radish, celeries, cabbage, Chinese eggplants, carrots, lettuce, potatoes, onions (including pearl onions), leeks, wasabi roots, cherry tomatoes, potatoes and others.
It also includes peas such as snow peas and black eyed peas, as well as mushrooms and coconuts. For fruits, you can grow the following on any season: lemons, bananas, avocados and banana squash.
Tips on Seasonal Gardening.
While this list does help you choose and sort out which fruits or vegetables are best planted for a specific season, it is only a general list and does not mainly apply to every country, region or climate. For instance, some tropical countries do not have a four-season climate and therefore, cannot grow winter-type or spring-type crops (in which they have to import certain fruits like grapes, oranges, apples and lemons from other countries). In the same way, four-season countries might not be a suitable place for tropical fruits such as pineapples, mangoes and passion fruit.